European Exploration and Settlement: Vocabulary


Texas Studies European Exploration and Settlement European Exploration and Settlement: Vocabulary
Students interact with vocabulary words that they will encounter throughout Unit 2: European Exploration and Settlement.

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Overview

In this experience, students interact with vocabulary words that they will encounter throughout Unit 2: European Exploration and Settlement.

Estimated duration: 30 minutes

Vocabulary words:

  • colonization
  • competition
  • convert
  • exploration
  • friar
  • frontier
  • glory
  • migration
  • mission; missionary
  • presidio

 

Objective

  • Learn vocabulary related to exploration and colonization of Texas.


Unit Vocabulary


The European Age of Exploration arose after the development of new tools that enabled long-distance travel, especially across the oceans. Exploration was fueled by the desire to find new trade routes and discover new lands in order to bring wealth and glory to the European rulers. Some of the explorers found their way to Texas. You will learn about the Age of Exploration and the colonization of Texas in this unit.

Objective

  • Learn vocabulary related to exploration and colonization of Texas.


  • colonization: government-organized settlement of people to new territories, usually far away
  • competition: when two or more individuals or groups are trying to get the same thing before the others
  • convert: to change from one religion to another
  • exploration: travel to a new place in order to discover new things
  • friar: a religious representative of the Franciscan order of the Catholic Church
  • frontier: the outer edge of an area that is the farthest point at which people have started to live
  • glory: a great honor, praise, or fame
  • migration: movement from one region to another
  • mission: a settlement founded to spread Christianity to native peoples of the area
  • missionary: a person sent to a foreign country to do religious work
  • presidio: a military outpost in a frontier area under Spanish control


a friar riding a bicycle on a sidewalk

Let’s start with the word friar. Look at the photograph shown above of a modern-day friar. Now review the words to a popular children’s nursery rhyme about a friar named Brother John:

Are you sleeping? Are you sleeping?
Brother John, Brother John,
Morning bells are ringing! Morning bells are ringing!
Ding, dong, dong. Ding, dong, dong.


Based on the photograph and the nursery rhyme, make a prediction what a friar is or what a friar does.



Students may borrow from the definition given at the beginning of this scene: a religious representative of the Franciscan order of the Catholic Church. In this unit students will learn about the friars who served as missionaries at the Spanish missions in Texas.

In the photograph, the friar is riding his bicycle to church services. In the nursery rhyme, originally in French, the friar is being called to wake up for the midnight prayers.


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