Using Figurative Language


ELAR-Grade-5 Author's Craft Using Figurative Language
Students learn about different types of figurative language that authors use to make their writing more entertaining and to enhance the images readers make in their minds as they read. They identify and write their own examples of similes, metaphors, personification, alliteration, and assonance. Finally, they write their own text that includes examples of figurative language.

This learning experience is designed for device-enabled classrooms. The teacher guides the lesson, and students use embedded resources, social media skills, and critical thinking skills to actively participate. To get access to a free version of the complete lesson, sign up for an exploros account.

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Here are the teacher pack items for Using Figurative Language:

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Overview

In this experience, students learn about different types of figurative language that authors use to make their writing more entertaining and to enhance the images readers make in their minds as they read. They identify and write their own examples of similes, metaphors, personification, alliteration, and assonance. Finally, they write their own text that includes examples of figurative language.

Objectives

  • Recognize an author's use of figurative language: simile, metaphor, personification, alliteration, and assonance.
  • Explain the purpose of figurative language.
  • Write a text with figurative language.

Duration

Two-three class periods. You may choose to have the students read the “The Husband of the Rat’s Daughter” before beginning the experience.

Vocabulary Words Used in “The Husband of the Rat’s Daughter”

  • despise: hate
  • smart: well dressed
  • quarrels: fights, arguments
  • ignorance: inexperience


In this experience, you will identify various kinds of figurative language including similes, metaphors, personification, alliteration, and assonance, and you will explain why authors use it in their writing. You will also have an opportunity to write your own text using figurative language.

Objectives

  • Recognize an author's use of figurative language: simile, metaphor, personification, alliteration, and assonance.
  • Explain the purpose of figurative language.
  • Write a text with figurative language.


a person floating on cloud shaped like the number 9

“Floating on Cloud Nine”


Have you ever heard the saying, “I feel like I am floating on cloud 9!”? It does not mean that someone is really floating in the clouds, but that the person is feeling extreme happiness or excitement. This is an example of figurative language. Specifically, it is called an idiom.

Read the list of the following idioms with the actual meanings in parentheses.

  • Speak your mind (say what you feel)
  • At the drop of a hat (instantly, without hesitation)
  • Back to the drawing board (start again from the beginning)
  • I’m all ears (listening carefully)
  • I’m all thumbs (clumsy)
  • Fit as a fiddle (very healthy)
  • Let the cat out of the bag (tell a secret)
  • A piece of cake! (something very easy)
  • Don’t steal my thunder! (take credit for someone else’s work)
  • Hold your horses (wait a minute, be patient)
  • At a snail’s pace (working/moving slowly)


What do you think the literal meaning of the idioms would look like? Illustrate the literal meaning of one of the idioms. You can create your illustration directly on the canvas below, or draw it on paper and upload a photo of it.


Have the students review the posts and discuss the images.

Ask: Why do you think people use idioms in their speech and writing instead of just literal language?


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The Complete List of Learning Experiences in Author's Craft Unit.
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