Building Your Vocabulary


ELAR-Grade-5 Foundational Skills Building Your Vocabulary
Students expand their knowledge of word roots, prefixes, and suffixes, then build and decode words using those elements. They also explore how knowledge of roots and affixes is a strategy for vocabulary comprehension. Then they combine the word elements and use their newly acquired words in sentences.

This learning experience is designed for device-enabled classrooms. The teacher guides the lesson, and students use embedded resources, social media skills, and critical thinking skills to actively participate. To get access to a free version of the complete lesson, sign up for an exploros account.

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Here are the teacher pack items for Building Your Vocabulary:

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Overview

In this experience, students expand their knowledge of word roots, prefixes, and suffixes, then build and decode words using those elements. They also explore how knowledge of roots and affixes is a strategy for vocabulary comprehension. Then they combine the word elements and use their newly acquired words in sentences.

Students will work in small groups in Scene 5.

Objective

  • Decode, build, and use words with roots, prefixes, and suffixes.

Duration

Two class periods.


A surprising number of English words are built from root words, to which we add parts called prefixes and suffixes. The more of these word parts you know, the more quickly your vocabulary expands. In this experience, you will learn how to build, decode, and use words to increase your vocabulary.

Objective

  • Decode, build, and use words with roots, prefixes, and suffixes.


Egyptian hieroglyphics

Read the following sentence.


One of my forefathers was a famous farmer in southern Texas.


If you were to divide the word forefather up into two key parts, how would you do it? Write the parts below. Separate them with hyphens, like this: pre-view

Post your answer

Discuss student responses.

Most students will recognize that the word is logically divided between fore and father. You might ask them why they chose to divide the word that way and whether they know anything about the parts.

Students will know what the word father means and may or may not know what the prefix fore- means. Tell students that the word part fore- means “before.” Therefore, the word forefather means “someone who came before your father; an ancestor.”


By knowing what the word part fore- means, you can spot it when it is attached to the front of a word and know that it almost always means “before.” This can give you a clue about new words that begin with fore-.


Using the knowledge that the word part fore- means “before,” try to think what the word forewarn means? Write a sentence using the word forewarn.

Post your answer

Discuss that forewarn means to “warn before” or “warn ahead of time.” You may want to tell students that the word part fore- is called a prefix. They will learn more about prefixes and other word parts in the rest of the experience.


In this experience, you will learn more about the word parts that can give you clues about new words.


When everyone is ready to continue, unlock the next scene.

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