Reading Informational Text


ELAR-Grade-7 Non-fiction Texts Reading Informational Text
Students explore the various types of organizational structures common in informational texts and then read short examples and identify each structure. Then, they preview a passage, making predictions based on the text features and organizational structures. Next, they read the passage and analyze it using their knowledge of the organizational structure. Finally, they identify the main idea and supporting details within the passage.

This learning experience is designed for device-enabled classrooms. The teacher guides the lesson, and students use embedded resources, social media skills, and critical thinking skills to actively participate. To get access to a free version of the complete lesson, sign up for an exploros account.

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Here are the teacher pack items for Reading Informational Text:

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Overview

In this experience, students explore the various types of organizational structures common in informational texts and then read short examples and identify each structure. Then, they preview a passage, making predictions based on the text features and organizational structures. Next, they read the passage and analyze it using their knowledge of the organizational structure. Finally, they identify the main idea and supporting details within the passage.

Objectives

  • Identify and describe common informational text structures.
  • Make predictions based on the text features.
  • Identify the main idea and supporting details.
  • Write a summary of an informational passage using the main idea and details.

Duration

One or two class periods.

Vocabulary Words in the Article

  • satellite: an artificial instrument placed in orbit around the Earth (or moon or another planet) to collect information
  • greenhouse gas: a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing heat
  • fossil fuels: natural fuel such as coal or gas
  • ice cores: cylinders of ice drilled out of an ice sheet or glacier
  • glacier: a slow-moving river of thick, dense ice
  • drought: prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall which results in a shortage of water


Imagine that a spaceship lands in front of you and a creature exits the ship and hands you a tablet that has words and pictures on it. What will you do? How will you determine what the creature is trying to communicate to you?

Sometimes reading earthly texts can seem just as confusing. But there are reading strategies for different types of texts. In this experience, you’ll learn more about how to read and make sense of informational texts.

Objectives

  • Identify and describe common informational text structures.
  • Make predictions based on the text features.
  • Identify the main idea and supporting details.
  • Write a summary of an informational passage using the main idea and details.


space ship taking off from a tablet screen

Read the following quote.


The modern world is inundated by “facts.” Television, the Internet—more information than your grandparents ever imagined—is at your fingertips with the click of a button. But there is a big difference between information and knowledge.

—Susan Zimmermann and Chryse Hutchins


What do you think the quote means? What is the difference between facts and knowledge? How can you turn facts into knowledge?

Post your answer

Discuss with students that facts are bits of information while knowledge is the accumulation of those facts and what you do with them. While some people may know a lot of facts, knowledge requires deep thinking about the facts and interacting with them in a meaningful way. 


Reading strategies can help you turn facts into knowledge. Rather than just reading an informational passage and learning facts, you can interact with informational text to turn the facts into knowledge.

Throughout the rest of this experience, you will be gaining knowledge of informational text, including its structures and features.


When everyone is ready to continue, unlock the next scene.

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The Complete List of Learning Experiences in Non-fiction Texts Unit.
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