The Mission-Presidio System, Spanish settlement and colonization, Mexican War of Independence, Austin's Texas Colony, and more.
The Spanish and Mexican Eras unit contains 11 learning experiences.
Learning Experiences (Lessons) in The Spanish and Mexican Eras Each learning experience takes about 45 minutes to teach in the device-enabled classroom.
The Mission-Presidio System
Students learn about the goal and structure of Spanish missions and presidios. Next they explain the role of the missions and presidios in the Texas land conflict between Spain and France. Then they examine the reasons for the decline of these institutions.
Spanish Settlement in Texas
Students learn about the types of Spanish settlements in Texas: missions, towns (pueblos), and ranches. They work in small groups to research a specific mission. Then they learn about the early history of San Antonio and about the conflicts that arose between missionaries and private ranchers.
Spanish Colonization and Native Americans
Students learn about the complex relationship between the Spanish colonists and the Native Americans in Texas. They read about the various tribes and the diversity among them and their relations with the Spanish. They read a passage by Father Francisco Hidalgo and reflect on his attitude toward the Native Americans. Then they choose one of three dilemmas and describe it from two points of view: a Spanish settler and a Native American.
The Weakening of Spanish Rule
Students learn about different factors and events contributing to the weakening of Spanish rule over Mexico and Texas. They study timelines of global events and Mexican history to see how the events are interrelated. They analyze Father Hidalgo's "Grito de Dolores" speech, and then they read about different filibusters and elaborate on their influence on the shaping of Texas.
Texas During the Mexican War of Independence
In this experience students build a timeline of key events between 1810 and 1824. They learn about the Coahuila and Texas state formed by the Constitution of 1824 and the contributions of Erasmo Seguin. Then they summarize the Spanish colonial legacy left in Texas.
Colonizing Texas, 1821–1830
Students study the factors affecting colonization of Texas during the Mexican era. They learn about the various Mexican colonization laws. Then they learn about the motivations for Anglo-American settlers to come to Texas. Finally, they learn about the role of empresarios in the colonization of Texas.
Austin’s Texas Colony
Students learn about Moses and Stephen Austin and their roles in the settlement of Texas. They read about the Austin colony and land grant conditions and requirements. Then they work in small groups to prepare a recruitment poster on behalf of the Austin colony.
Life in the Texas Settlements
Students will read and identify what life was like for the Anglo settlers and some of the challenges that the colonists faced as they settled into their new land. Then, they will imagine life as members of the frontier folk and write a journal entry describing their lives.
Pioneering Principles: Why Character Matters
Students study actual letters of recommendation brought by Austin's colonists in order to analyze why it was important to accept only settlers who met high standards of character. First students evaluate their own personal character traits. Then they read letters of recommendation from potential colonists and analyze what character traits are reflected in them. Then they explain these traits and why they are still valued today. Finally, they write a letter of recommendation for an imaginary settler.
Mexico-United States Relations in the 1820s
Students learn about the relationship Mexico had with the United States and the new settlers. They also compare and contrast the Americans' and Mexican government's views on slavery. Then, they learn how the Texas settlers felt about being part of Mexico.