Philosophy and Its Influence: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle


Social Studies Middle School Philosophy and Its Influence: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
Students are introduced to philosophy and become acquainted with the three most influential ancient Greek philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Students research the main contributions of each and explain why their contributions are still considered important. Finally, students select a quotation from one of the philosophers and respond to it.

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Overview

In this experience, students are introduced to philosophy and become acquainted with the three most influential ancient Greek philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Students research the main contributions of each and explain why their contributions are still considered important. Finally, students select a quotation from one of the philosophers and respond to it.

Objectives

  • Describe the contributions of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • Analyze the impact of Greek philosophy.


Many of the most basic ideas people hold today—such as the idea that we can use reason and logic to solve problems—were given to us by ancient Greek philosophers and handed down across 2,500 years. You’ll learn about Greek philosophers and some of their ideas in this experience.

Objectives

  • Describe the contributions of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • Analyze the impact of Greek philosophy.




The School of Athens, a Renaissance Painting by Raphael (1483-1520 C.E.)


Have you ever heard of philosophy? What do you think of when you think about that word?


Write words or very short phrases that tell what philosophy is about. To write more than one, separate them by a comma, like this: ice cream, apple pie

Post your answer

Discuss students’ ideas. Possible student entries include, but are not limited, to, thinking, truth, and ideas. If your students show limited comprehension of the word, read the definitions of philosophy aloud from a dictionary and briefly discuss. 






If you don’t know what philosophy is yet, that’s okay! You’re going to learn in this experience!


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The Complete List of Learning Experiences in Ancient Greece Unit.
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