Totalitarianism and Its Influence in History


World Cultures Government and Economics Totalitarianism and Its Influence in History
Students distinguish between limited and unlimited government, identifying the problems with unlimited government. Then they learn about totalitarianism and its approach to government. Next, they explore the form totalitarianism took in the twentieth century: communism and fascism. Finally, students explain how both communism and fascism are totalitarian in nature.

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Overview

In this experience, students distinguish between limited and unlimited government, identifying the problems with unlimited government. Then they learn about totalitarianism and its approach to government. Next, they explore the form totalitarianism took in the twentieth century: communism and fascism. Finally, students explain how both communism and fascism are totalitarian in nature.

Objectives:

  • Identify the differences between limited and unlimited government, including the dangers of unlimited power.
  • Describe the communist and fascist approaches to government.
  • Explain the role of totalitarianism and its impact in the twentieth century.


Various forms of government have appeared throughout human history, but none have been as deadly as totalitarianism. In this experience you will learn what totalitarianism is and the shape and toll it took in the twentieth century.

Objectives:

  • Identify the differences between limited and unlimited government, including the dangers of unlimited power.
  • Describe the communist and fascist approaches to government.
  • Explain the role of totalitarianism and its impact in the twentieth century.




North Koreans Bow Before Statues of Their Leaders, Past and Present


Think about two very different forms of government: limited government and unlimited government. But wait! You may not know what those two terms mean. Begin by thinking about the words limited and unlimited. If, for example, you have a limited amount of candy versus an unlimited amount of candy, you know the difference, right?


Brainstorm what you think the differences are between limited government and unlimited government. In the chart, record a definition or features. They do not have to be in complete sentences.



Discuss student responses.


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