Anson Jones is known as the "Architect of Annexation." But his actual contribution to Texas statehood is more complex than the nickname indicates.
There was heated opposition within the United States to annexation:
Texas as an independent nation could have:
In June 1845, President Jones finally got the long-desired offer of recognition and peace from Mexico. He called the Texas Congress into session to consider the choice. Congress quickly rejected the Mexican offer, accepted annexation, and voted to condemn Jones. The next month, a special convention wrote a state constitution. The U.S. Congress approved the Texas constitution and signed the resolution admitting Texas into the United States of America.
The last official act of Anson Jones as president was to attend the ceremony on February 19, 1846, in which the American flag was raised over the Texas Capitol. In Jones's words, "The Republic of Texas is no more."
As predicted, Mexico regarded the annexation as an act of war and moved to retake Texas. Polk declared that Mexico had invaded American soil and would pay the price for it. The U.S.-Mexican war that followed was bloody, costly, and as controversial as the annexation itself.
Source: Anson Jones and the Annexation of Texas
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