Sanford Dole was born in the Hawaiian Islands to American parents.
In 1886, Dole was appointed as Justice to the Supreme Court of the Hawaiian Kingdom. A few years later he helped overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy and was elected president of the Provisional Government in 1893. The United States demanded that Dole restore Queen Lili`uokalani to the throne, but Dole refused. Instead, the Provisional Government declared itself the Republic of Hawai`i. Dole went to Washington, D.C. to press for U.S. annexation of the Islands. In 1898, Hawai`i became a U.S. territory and President McKinley appointed Dole governor of the territory.
Dole later served as a U.S. District Judge.
Source: Sanford Dole
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