Law of April 6, 1830

The Law of April 6, 1830, was designed to stop the flood of immigration from the United States to Texas. The law was a result of the Mier y Teran Report’s fourteen recommendations about stopping the colonization of Texas by Mexicans and Europeans, encouraging military occupation, and stimulating coastal trade.

The law authorized a loan to cover the cost of transporting colonists to Texas, opened the coastal trade to foreigners for four years, provided for a federal commissioner of colonization to make sure empresario contracts agreed with the colonization law, prohibited more slaves from coming into Mexico, and was intended to suspend existing empresario contracts.

Texas colonists did not like the new law and Stephen F. Austin tried to calm them, but he protested the law to the commissioner and Mexican President Anastasio Bustamante. By manipulating some of the law’s articles, Austin was exempted from the law for his contract and for Green DeWitt’s as well.

The law slowed down immigration, voided contracts that had been awarded but not yet fulfilled, and stopped two active enterprises.

Source: Law of April 6, 1830
Copyright © Texas State Historical Association

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