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José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara

José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara (1774–1841) was a diplomat who was part of the Mexican revolution. During the Mexican War of Independence, led by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Gutiérrez and his brother were successful in starting the revolution in Nuevo Santander, and Gutiérrez was sent by Hidalgo to recruit along the Rio Grande. He was then chosen by the rebels to get aid from the United States. He arrived in Washington, D.C. on December 11, 1811. He was welcomed by Secretary of State James Monroe, who listened to the plans for establishment of a republican government in Texas and use of Texas as a base for liberating Mexico from Spain. During Gutiérrez’s stay in Washington, he met with several foreign ministers. Also in Washington, Gutiérrez met José Álvarez de Toledo, and together they made plans for the liberation of Texas and Mexico. Back in Louisiana in March 1812, Gutiérrez was introduced to William Shaler, special agent from the United States, who helped Gutiérrez to return to Texas. In April 1812, the two men were in Natchitoches, where the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition assembled and set out for Texas.

In April 1813, after the expedition had advanced across Texas, Gutiérrez became president protector of the temporary government set up for the state, but after the arrival of Toledo, Gutiérrez was asked by the junta at Bexar to resign the presidency.

Gutiérrez joined James Long on expeditions into Texas in 1819 and 1820, and in 1820 he served as vice president of the council of the Long expedition at Bolivar Point.

Gutiérrez remained active in Mexican politics through the end of his life.


Source: José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara
Copyright © Texas State Historical Association

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