The Founding Fathers thought that the Articles of Confederation left the nation too weak. They decided to develop a new system of government. The Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation, made a stronger Federal Government. It gave power to both the Federal Government and the state governments. This system is called federalism.
Federal Government power to:
State Governments to do the following:
In addition, the Federal Government and State Governments share these powers:
Source: Federal Versus State Government
Government Publishing Office (GPO), Public Domain