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Federal Versus State Government

The Founding Fathers thought that the Articles of Confederation left the nation too weak. They decided to develop a new system of government. The Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation, made a stronger Federal Government. It gave power to both the Federal Government and the state governments. This system is called federalism.

Federal Government power to:

  • Make money
  • Declare war
  • Manage foreign relations
  • Oversee trade between states and with other countries

State Governments to do the following:

  • Ratify amendments
  • Manage public health and safety
  • Oversee trade in the state

In addition, the Federal Government and State Governments share these powers:

  • Making and enforcing laws
  • Making taxes
  • Borrowing money


Source: Federal Versus State Government
Government Publishing Office (GPO), Public Domain

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