What is cyberterrorism?
Cyberterrorism is often defined as any premeditated, politically motivated attack against information systems, programs and data that threatens violence or results in violence. Cyberterrorism may include any cyber attack that generates fear in the target population. Attackers often do this by damaging or disrupting critical infrastructure.
The FBI views a cyberterrorist attack as different from a common virus or denial of service (DoS) attack. According to the FBI, a cyberterrorist attack is a type of cybercrime explicitly designed to cause physical harm.
What are examples of cyberterrorism?
Cyberterrorist acts are carried out using computer servers, other devices and networks visible on the public internet. Secured government networks and other restricted networks are often targets.
Examples of cyberterrorism include the following:
Is cyberterrorism a real threat?
The threat of cyberterrorism is greater than ever. The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) defines significant attacks as those that target government agencies, defense and high-tech companies, as well as economic crimes with losses over $1 million.
Here are examples of attacks in 2021 that CSIS identified:
Defending against cyberterrorism
The key to countering cyberterrorism is to implement extensive cybersecurity measures and vigilance.
On a global level, 66 countries, including the United States, participate in the Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime. The Council works on international laws, improves investigation and detection capabilities, and promotes international cooperation to stop cyberwarfare.
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