By 27 BC, Octavian was established as the most powerful man in Rome, and he became the ruler and emperor of Rome. The basic government of the republic, such as the Senate and other officials, still existed, but the emperor had the ultimate power.
Augustus brought peace to the land and rebuilt much of the city and the empire. He built many roads, buildings, bridges, and government buildings. He also strengthened the army and conquered much of the land around the Mediterranean Sea. He established a standing army for Rome with volunteers who served for a term of 20 years. The next 200 years were years of peace for the Roman Empire, often called the Pax Romana, which means "peace of Rome".
Augustus ruled up until his death in 14 AD.
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