The Ancient Romans fought many battles and wars to expand and protect their empire. There were also civil wars where Romans fought Romans to gain power.
The Punic Wars were between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. Carthage was a large city located on the coast of North Africa. Both cities were major powers expanding their empires. As the empires grew, they began to clash. There were three major Punic wars:
In the Battle of Cynoscephalae (197 BC), the Roman Legion under Titus Flamininus defeated the Macedonian Army led by Philip V. By defeating the successors of Alexander the Great, Rome became the dominant world power.
The Third Servile War (73 - 71 BC) started when 78 gladiators, including their leader Spartacus, escaped and started a rebellion. Over 120,000 escaped slaves invaded the countryside. They successfully fought back many Roman soldiers until finally an army with a full eight legions was dispatched to destroy them. The fighting was long and bitter, but eventually Spartacus' army was defeated.
Caesar's Civil War is also called the Great Roman Civil War. Julius Caesar's legions fought against the Senate-supported legions of Pompey the Great. The war lasted for four years until Caesar finally defeated Pompey and became Dictator of Rome, signaling the end of the Roman Republic.
The most famous moment in this war was when Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, signaling that he was going to war against Rome. Today the phrase "crossing the Rubicon" is still used to say that someone had reached the point of no return and cannot go back.
Source: Ancient Rome: Wars and Battles
This site is a product of TSI (Technological Solutions, Inc.), Copyright 2021, All Rights Reserved.